Why does the most popular industrial Internet need

2022-08-06
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Why should the industrial interconnection of the 14th five year plan play be IP first?

there are media statistics. This year, the word "innovation" appeared 45 times in the government work report, and the word "technology" appeared 24 times. The frequency is the highest in the past three years

I believe you can feel from the two sessions that strengthening self-reliance in science and technology has become the top priority of the country's development at the current stage. Among the various directions of scientific and technological innovation, the government work report especially emphasizes that relying on innovation to promote the high-quality development of the real economy, cultivate and expand new driving forces, promote the deep integration of scientific and technological innovation and the real economy, and better play the role of innovation in driving development

in the direction of integration of scientific and technological innovation and real economy, industrial interconnection may be the most direct and significant combination of technology and industry. It leads the industrial base of the real economy and connects the new generation of information technology clusters such as cloud computing, AI, and environmental protection data through the network. Its strategic significance and industrial value are self-evident

the proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the fourteenth five year plan for national economic and social development and the long-term goals for the year 2013 mentioned to promote the deep integration of industries such as Internet, big data and artificial intelligence, promote the construction of advanced manufacturing industry clusters as a big platform for industry, University, research and application cooperation, develop new infrastructure for system layout, and accelerate the construction of the fifth generation mobile communication, industrial interconnection and big data centers

the development of industrial interconnection has been indisputably elevated to a national strategy at the current stage and has become an action that cannot be lost at the beginning of the 14th five year plan

after careful observation, we will comprehensively improve the total factor productivity. It is found that the understanding of industrial interconnection has been upgraded and adjusted in the current stage, from national policies to industrial practice. The core logic of this change is that from the platform and basic technology construction in the initial stage, it gradually moves towards the real industrial scenario, production efficiency and industrial feasibility

one of the most important changes in industrial interconnection at this stage is that networking has become a comprehensive consensus from top to bottom. In order to solve the network problems in industrial interconnection, the comprehensive IP based enterprise network has become a key solution

do you think these words are a little strange? Don't worry, let's talk slowly

new consensus on industrial interconnection. Luoqiangji must first

discuss the latest development trends and guidelines of industrial interconnection, so it is necessary to mention the action plan for innovative development of industrial interconnection (2021-2023) issued by the Ministry of industry and information technology in January this year. In this latest action plan, 11 key actions and 10 key projects for the development of industrial interconnection are proposed. Compared with the previous relevant policies, we will find that one of the biggest changes in the new three-year action plan is the emphasis on the role and construction of

in fact, in the first stage of the development of industrial interconnection, the focus of the industry is more on how to connect the industry and what value it can bring. In other words, the focus is on the industry. The discussion and planning on the Internet will be more general, such as emphasizing the dividend of 5g development, the support of large bandwidth for industrial big data, and the integration of IOT and industry, which are directional and trend oriented

however, after the first development stage of industrial interconnection, it is found inside and outside the industry that if you want to popularize industrial interconnection in a large scale and in a general way, you need to make different industrial systems, platform systems and technology departments have reliable connection characteristics. However, the early industrial interconnection systems, especially the internal specialized enterprises, lacked unified standards in terms of network protocol, connection mode and equipment interface. It is difficult to achieve the effect of promoting the combination of the new generation of information technology and the industrial system in the expectation of industrial interconnection

therefore, industrial interconnection needs to first establish a standardized, universal and highly reliable network, which has become the latest consensus in the industry

after the industrial interconnection system received widespread attention in 2017, we can divide three years into a cycle. This is the first stage. At this time, more attention is paid to the platform construction and capacity building of industrial interconnection, and the changes brought to a single industrial scenario are considered

with the proposal of the new three-year development action plan, we can regard it as the second stage. At this time, we need to consider more practical issues, such as the large-scale replication of industrial interconnection, the unification of industry standardization, the actual demand and bearing of industrial scenarios, and the transformation of traditional OT and it systems of industrial enterprises. The urgent task at this stage is to strengthen the foundation of the network system proposed in the new action plan

so far, we know that the new development stage of industrial interconnection needs the network strong base to take the lead. Of course, the network strength base needs to be considered in many aspects, but the main task is to solve three problems: the inconsistency of industrial expertise, the difficulty in connecting it and ot systems, and the difficulty in carrying the network for the sustainable development of industrial digital technology

is there a plan to solve these major problems at one time? This leads to the necessity of IP

industrial interconnection is implemented, and IP is the optimal solution.

from computers to intelligence, each of us is undoubtedly the beneficiary of IP communication. Since 1985, when IP technology lit up the first light of interconnection, the entire interconnection civilization can be said to be located on the IP protocol

the key to the IP technology supporting the global interconnection wave may not be how complex its technology is, but the way in which each device is assigned an IP address, which can maximize the efficiency of connecting all devices together and avoid the dilemma that the network goes its own way, resulting in the fragmentation of the interconnection

at the present stage, ipv6+ protocol begins to play a role in the industry, and IP network has entered the era of intelligent IP. Intelligent ultra wide, intelligent operation and maintenance, intelligent connection and other capabilities enable the IP network to carry industrial data transmission, business intelligence and multi system connectivity. In addition, the IP network is also a common standard for enterprise IT systems, and most enterprises are familiar with it

in this case, if we want to integrate the complex industrial interconnection, we can find a network maximum common divisor among various industry platforms, OT networks and business specific systems. The most practical way is to bring all industrial interconnection devices into the IP network system, and make industrial interconnection move towards standardization, generalization and intensification like consumer interconnection

the intelligent and IP transformation of industrial interconnection has already been widely concerned in the industry. At the present stage, the IP based industrial interconnection has become a very intuitive and clear optimal solution for the network based action, which needs to be highly efficient and widely promoted by various industries

we can take an example to see the actual value of IP based industrial interconnection

taking the industrial interconnection scenario of steel plants as an example, at present, large steel plants generally have their own digital control system. Even each process has its own digital system. Most of these systems are built without considering the need for interconnection, especially with external and public cloud systems. Most of them use internal networks defined by private protocols. When enterprises want to carry out intelligent transformation, they cannot effectively collect the industrial data in the digital system, upload the data to the cloud for utilization, and the workshop becomes a data island; However, when enterprises want to use AI technology to complete intelligent upgrading, due to the lack of connectivity, the intelligent capability can not be connected to the system, which becomes a situation where data cannot go up and intelligence cannot go down. It seems that there is industrial interconnection, but it is completely different from the expectation

this situation may also cause two troubles. On the one hand, because the network protocols are handled by themselves, and the industrial process is quite complex, if a certain capability needs to be adjusted, it will require adjustment work with large quantities, complex programs and low fault tolerance, and the system is difficult to adapt to the elastic requirements of industrial production; On the other hand, this kind of enterprise network is based on the local area during construction, which can not support wireless device access. However, with the development of IOT in the industrial scene, there will be more and more wireless connection devices in enterprises, which makes the enterprise network difficult to carry

if the enterprise network is comprehensively IP transformed, both IT systems and ot systems can use IP as the communication protocol. The production data of an enterprise can be directly uploaded to the cloud, and the computing power, data processing capacity and AI capacity of the cloud can also be seamlessly and directly connected to factories and workshops. At the same time, because the internal systems of the enterprise use IP communication, it can also realize integrated adjustment and intelligent operation and maintenance, greatly reducing the comprehensive cost of the enterprise OT system; And it can support a large number of wireless device access through IP protocol to form a flexible and diverse new industrial intelligent system

in general, the IP based upgrading and transformation of industrial interconnection has a clear and definite industrial path. It not only inherits the achievements of enterprise network construction, but also faces the extensive cloud, intelligent and wireless needs of future industrial scenarios. For example, the comprehensive IP based industrial interconnection means that the internal/external enterprises, it/ot networks, operating systems/intelligent systems that now speak various dialects and foreign languages all speak the Mandarin of IP networks

only in this way can the industrial interconnection with high efficiency, low cost and wide replication be realized

see the future of industrial interconnection in the factory

the necessity of IP based industrial interconnection can be discussed in more space, but it is also easy to fall into the complex and changeable value logic of the industrial scene, which leads to a lack of clear understanding. So we might as well put down the industrial logic and go to the real factory

in middle school geography textbooks, we have learned about China's representative industrial locations, including the iron and steel industry in Ma'anshan. Today, Ma'anshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. is one of China's super large iron and steel complex enterprises, and also the largest industrial enterprise in Anhui Province. It is known as a flower of industry in the south of the Yangtze River

there is no doubt that Masteel is the kind of enterprise that has the highest priority in the development of industrial interconnection. In the process of upgrading smart manufacturing, it has indeed encountered challenges from the network. On the whole, Masteel's own centralized control system needs a very high transformation cost to complete the interconnection transformation. However, the current enterprises have the problems of low performance and poor reliability, screwing in the six square screws, too many specialties and miscellaneous items, and difficult operation and maintenance. In the process of solving industrial interconnection problems, Magang chose to cooperate with Huawei and overcome the challenges in network upgrading by using the intelligent IP network solutions provided by Huawei

after the industrial analysis of Masteel and Huawei, the two sides found that Masteel's network has several major upgrading needs, which can be said to be very representative among China's large industrial enterprises. For example:

ip backbone needs to carry it and ot services at the same time. SLA requirements of different services vary greatly, especially ot network quality and security isolation requirements

different business applications have different demands for delay. For example, the business of uploading data from the secondary server in the production execution area to the data center has high bandwidth requirements and low delay requirements; Commissioning the level-1 and level-2 control system equipment of the production line, which requires high time delay and low bandwidth. The new network needs to meet the application needs of different services

the special operation and maintenance of different services is complex, and it is difficult to locate the fault. It is necessary to improve the ability of intelligent operation and maintenance and network integration

to meet these needs, Huawei has built a

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